Greenland’s glaciers are melting way too fast and the OMG program wants to find out why

A NASA program called OMG is working really hard on finding the reasons behind the melting of Greenland’s ice. Keep reading if you want to find out what the researchers discovered so far.

What‘s the main issue in Greenland?

The recent Greenland’s problem is that the ice is melting in a very alarming way. In August, 11 billion tons of ice melted in one day and these climat change repercussions made scientists from around the world concerned about this situation.

What‘s the specialists‘ goal?

The researchers want to figure out the reason behind the warm waters around Greenland’s glaciers because that’s how the melting is happening so fast.

The warm waters lead to the extremely fast melting, which leads to the rise of sea level. That’s actually very alarming and we can’t ignore the problem anymore.

More about the program that is in charge with this situation

The program is actually called Oceans Melting Greenland. Josh Willis of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory is the leader of the program and he told us something very scary. He said that the ice from Greenland is able to raise sea levels by 25 feet around the world, not only in the Greenland’s area.

It‘s not just Greenland‘s issue

Yes, you heard that right. That means that we are all affected by this phenomenon, even if we had the impression that Greenland is an isolated place and that we are safe no matter what happens there. Josh Willis said that the effects of the ice melting can be seen even in Australia.

The Oceans Melting Greenland program is constantly working on finding out more details about the glaciers because the scientists know the damage that they can cause. The OMG team also managed to make a new map of the seafloor and the things are not looking great.

That’s all we have so far on Greenland’s situation. We’ll keep you updated.

The Rare “Extraterrestrial Mud Ball” – Researchers Studied the Meteorite That Fell in Costa Rica

Back in April, residents in Aguas Zarcas, a small town in Costa Rica, witnessed a “large fireball in the sky” approaching the city. It was a meteorite the size of a washing machine, but before hitting the ground, it broke into small pieces, raining over the city.

Scientists classified it as an “extraterrestrial mud ball,” and are still studying the pieces that were recovered. One of the pieces crashed through a resident’s roof, breaking his dining table! The rock weighed around two pounds.

Why is this meteoroid so important for scientists?

In a recent press release, the Arizona State University explains why these alien ‘mud balls’ are so important: this meteorite belongs to a special group called “carbonaceous chondrites” that are rich in organic compounds and full of water.”

Laurence Garvie is a research professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration. He explained that “many carbonaceous chondrites are mud balls that are between 80 and 95% clay.”

But what makes clays important is the water, that is “an integral part of their structure,” added Garvie, who is also a curator for Arizona State University’s Center for Meteorite Studies.

Scientists were able to recover 55 pounds of meteorites before rainfall could destroy them. They want to continue their research, and Professor Garvie and his team have already learned a bit about its origins:

“It formed in an environment free of life, then was preserved in the cold and vacuum of space for 4.56 billion years and then dropped in Costa Rica.”

The last carbonaceous chondrites meteorite to land on Earth was 50 years ago – in Australia in 1969.

Center Director Meenakshi Wadhwa noted that these rare meteorites are among the most sought-after alien rocks by researchers because they “contain the best-preserved clues to the origin of the solar system,” adding that this new meteorite is significant for their collection.

Jeff Bezos Unveils Blue Origin’s Lunar Lander, Musk Replies With Cheeky Tweet

Jeff Bezos presented Blue Origin’s lunar lander that will take humans to the moon by 2024. At the event, Bezos stated that it is “time to go back to the moon and this time stay.”

The lunar lander can carry up to 3.6 metric tons of cargo and Bezos doesn’t just want to take astronauts to the Moon but also take advantage of the untapped resources on the lunar surface. He explained that it “takes 24 times less energy to get it off the surface compared to the Earth … that is a huge lever.”

The Trump administration has the same plans as Bezos, who stated during the event that he believes Blue Origin will be able to make it a reality by 2024 using the Blue Moon lunar lander.

He also added that they can “help meet that timeline but only because we started three years ago.” After repeated trips, they plan to build a lunar base. The lander will be able to deploy rovers to the moon’s surface and even shoot satellite to orbit the moon.

One of the rovers was also revealed during the event, and it was nearly as big as a golf cart. The event also included the reveal of a new rocket engine called BE-7.

Bezos does not want to rush the launch, adding that two issues that interfere with space missions are the launch costs and resources, which can both be reduced by using the ice water that was recently discovered on the Moon.

“Oh stop teasing, Jeff”

As a response to the event, Elon Musk wrote a rather cheeky Tweet, adding a winky emoji and altering the photo of the Blue Moon lunar lander. The SpaceX founder used his word-play and the photo of the Blue Moon lunar lander where Moon was replaced with another word. We’ll let you see it by yourself in the tweet below:

NASA arrives at Phrase C in its scheduled mission to asteroid 16 Psyche

With less than a month separating us from a key aspect of review approval, released data on the NASA’s “16 Psyche” mission is becoming clearer. The expedition’s goal is to get close to an asteroid named 16 Psyche in our local main asteroid belt, which, because of the metal it holds, is worth approximately $100,000 quadrillion USD​. Similar to the mission’s signature, the spacecraft’s name is “The Psyche”. The capsule was inspected in a five-day evaluation by Maxar Technologies, at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, being a basic design review, later confirmed that the craft’s design fulfills agency’s demands for the mission.

This assignment will be a huge partnership between NASA’s JPL, Arizona State University’s School of Earth and Space Exploration, as well as Maxar Technologies. Those involved in the mission will study the asteroid’s structure as well as its incredibly valuable metal.

However, the missions’ goal isn’t to extract the asteroid’s valuable metals but to conclude the probability that 16 Psyche is the heart of a planet-sized object, for the former hypothesis was that the asteroid was the center of a planet the size of Mars.

The theoretical work for this expedition started back in 2016, and introductory designs were revealed through the year 2017 and into 2019. The Final Design is next and then Subsystem Fabrication​, Assembly, and the Test Phase stage​. It is anticipated that Instrument and Spacecraft Assembly and Test will begin in early 2021.

The Psyche capsule is due to be sent to its launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Base in Florida in the earlier half of the year 2020, and the mission’s official launch is expected to happen in August of 2020.

The expedition is in its final design and fabrication stages at the moment, and more news will be revealed sometime in May, the year 2019.

The Haystack Observatory in Westford Had a Big Role in the Black Hole’s Image

Wednesday, April 7, 2019, was a great day in humankind history. The National Science Foundation shared the first image of a black hole! The impressive black hole is inside the Virgo Galaxy, also known as Messier 87. The image was captured in 2017, and until now it has taken two years to process. The historic accomplishment couldn’t be realized without the EHT system, the international project that combined telescopes from nine sites around the world. Moreover, Haystack Observatory had made a crucial contribution to the project.

How Was the Project Organized?

With the global coordination from all the sites, they have created a lens the size of Earth. But the first step was made at the Haystack Observatory, in Westford, where the data was captured and processed. After that, the other half of the process was made at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany.

How Was the Process Been Made?

Michael Titus, a technical associate from Groton, worked to correlate all the data from all the telescopes connected to the EHT. After that, the data must be synthesized for the image process to take place. In those almost two years, researchers like Engineer Jason Soohoo, of Chelmsford, had visited telescopes from all the sites to set up and test the equipment, and after that to gather the data. The process was demanding because of wheatear factors like on the South Pole, and other technical problems encountered on the long.

However, the most impressive fact is that Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity formed more than a century ago, has been confirmed by the existence of a black hole. The scientists don’t know what is happening in a black hole, but they found that this one revealed on images, is about 55 million light years from Earth. With Einstein’s theory and the help of Haystack Observatory, we have witnessed a crucial moment in history.